അംബരിയ്യയിലെ ഹിജാസ് റെയില്‍വേയാണ് മദീനയിലെ ആധുനിക ചരിത്ര സ്മാരകങ്ങളിലൊന്ന്. ഒരു നൂറ്റാണ്ട് മുമ്പ് അന്നത്തെ മുസ്ലിം ലോക തലസ്ഥാനമായിരുന്ന തുര്‍ക്കിയിലെ ഇസ്തംബൂളില്‍നിന്ന് ജോര്‍ദാനിലെ അമ്മാന്‍ വഴി സിറിയന്‍ തലസ്ഥാനമായ ദമസ്കസിലൂടെ കടന്ന് സുഊദിയിലെ മദാഇന്‍ സ്വാലിഹ്, ഖൈബര്‍ വഴി മദീനയില്‍ വന്ന് ചേര്‍ന്ന, ഏകദേശം 3000 കി.മീ ദൂരമുള്ള റെയില്‍വേ സംവിധാനമായിരുന്നു ഹിജാസ് റെയില്‍വേ. അതിന്റെ അവസാന സ്റേഷന്റെ പ്രധാന ബില്‍ഡിംഗും റെയില്‍വേ സ്റേഷനോടനുബന്ധിച്ച് തുര്‍ക്കികള്‍ നിര്‍മിച്ച, കരിങ്കല്ലില്‍ തീര്‍ത്ത പള്ളിയും പാളങ്ങളും പുതുക്കി വെച്ച ബോഗികളുമെല്ലാമാണ് ഇപ്പോള്‍ ഹിജാസ് റെയിവേ സ്മാരകമായി മദീനയില്‍ കാണുന്നത്. 1901 മുതല്‍ 1908 വരെയാണ് ഇതിന്റെ നിര്‍മാണം നടന്നത്. 1908 മുതല്‍ 1918 വരെ 10 വര്‍ഷം റെയില്‍വേ ഗതാഗതം നിലനിന്നു. അതിനിടെ 1914-ലെ ലോക യുദ്ധത്തെത്തുടര്‍ന്ന് മുസ്ലിം ലോകം സാമ്പത്തികമായി തകര്‍ന്നപ്പോള്‍ ഫ്രാന്‍സ് പോലുള്ള പാശ്ചാത്യ ശക്തികള്‍ ഹിജാസ് റെയില്‍വേ ഈടായി നല്‍കിയാല്‍ മുസ്ലിംകള്‍ക്ക് സാമ്പത്തിക സഹായം അനുവദിക്കാമെന്ന് ഉസ്മാനി സുല്‍ത്താനെ അറിയിച്ചു. അത് നിരസിച്ച സുല്‍ത്താന്‍, ഹിജാസ് റെയില്‍വേ ലോക മുസ്ലിംകളുടെ വഖ്ഫ് സ്വത്താണെന്ന് പ്രഖ്യാപിക്കുകയായിരുന്നു. ഏറ്റവും വലിയ മുസ്ലിം വഖ്ഫ് സ്വത്ത് ഹിജാസ് റെയില്‍വേയാണെന്ന് അഭിപ്രായമുണ്ട്. ഇപ്പോഴും ഹിജാസ് റെയില്‍വേ എന്ന പേരില്‍ സിറിയയില്‍ റെയില്‍ ഗതാഗതം നിലവിലുണ്ട്. റെയില്‍പാത വന്നതോടെ പണ്ട് കാലത്ത് ഒട്ടകപ്പുറത്ത് ഹജ്ജിനും ഉംറക്കും വന്ന യാത്രാ സംഘങ്ങള്‍ ഈ മാര്‍ഗം ഉപയോഗപ്പെടുത്തി. മുത്വവഫുമാര്‍ ഹാജിമാരെ ഇവിടന്നാണ് മക്കയിലേക്ക് ഏറ്റുവാങ്ങിയിരുന്നത്. മദീനയുടെ സാമ്പത്തിക വളര്‍ച്ചയും മെച്ചപ്പെട്ടു. അതിന്റെ ചരിത്രമയവിറക്കിയാണ് ഈ റെയില്‍വേ സ്റേഷന്റെ നില്‍പ്.

മമ്പുറം സയ്യിദ് അലവി തങ്ങളുടെ പുത്രനായ സയ്യിദ് ഫസൽ പൂക്കോയ തങ്ങളായിരുന്നു ഹിജാസ് റയിൽ പദ്ധതി നടപ്പാക്കുന്നതിൻറെ പ്രാഥമിക പ്രവർത്തനങ്ങൾക്ക് മുന്നിലുണ്ടായിരുന്നത്. അക്കാലത്ത് അദ്ദേഹം തുർക്കി ഭരണാധികാരിയുടെ ഉപദേശകനായിരുന്നു.

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